That year it was the only European football league where clubs collectively made a profit. The Bundesliga has the lowest ticket prices and the highest average attendance out of Europe's five major leagues. By contrast, in the other major European leagues, numerous high-profile teams have come under ownership of foreign billionaires, and a significant number of clubs have high levels of debt. In the cases of Bayer Leverkusen and Wolfsburg, the clubs were founded by major corporations respectively Bayer AG and Volkswagen as sports clubs for their employees, while Hoffenheim has long received its primary support from SAP co-founder Dietmar Hopp , who played in the club's youth system. This allows more money to be spent on the players that are bought, and there is a greater chance to buy better instead of average players. At the end of each season, clubs in the Bundesliga must apply to the German Football Federation DFB for a licence to participate again the following year; only when the DFB, who have access to all transfer documents and accounts, are satisfied that there is no threat of insolvency do they give approval.
Her father, Louis Erich Otto Dietrich, was a police lieutenant. Dietrich had one sibling, Elisabeth, who was one year older. Dietrich's father died in Aged about 11, she combined her first two names to form the name "Marlene". A wrist injury  curtailed her dreams of becoming a concert violinist, but by she had her first job, playing violin in a pit orchestra for silent films at a Berlin cinema. She was fired after only four weeks.
Emergence[ edit ] As with all ethnic groups, the ethnogenesis of the Dutch and their predecessors has been a lengthy and complex process. Though the majority of the defining characteristics such as language, religion, architecture or cuisine of the Dutch ethnic group have accumulated over the ages, it is difficult if not impossible to clearly pinpoint the exact emergence of the Dutch people; the interpretation of which is often highly personal. The text below hence focuses on the history of the Dutch ethnic group; for Dutch national history, please see the history-articles of the Netherlands. For Dutch colonial history, see the article on the Dutch Empire.